While it’s not every mountain biker’s favourite pastime, doing some at-home bike maintenance is part and parcel with the sport itself for a number of you. However, not having the right set up can really compromise the enjoyment you get from working on your bike, so this month we’ve put together a few tips on setting up a home workshop. On their own, these tips might not seem that important, but combined they can make a big difference.
Step 1 – Identifying Your Space
Ideally your workshop would be located in a garage or shed, but not everyone has that luxury. If an indoor space is your only option, look for a tiled one if possible, as it’s hard to avoid getting anything on the floor. Ideally, the space should be big enough to be able to turn your bike around, so at least 2m x 2m.
Lighting is key to good workmanship and preserving your eyes. Natural light from a nearby window is optimal; however, it’s best to avoid direct sunlight if possible, or to be able to close the blinds when necessary.
If natural lighting isn’t possible, or when you’re working at night, you want to use fluorescent tubes or coil fluorescent energy lightbulbs. Try to avoid using sharp light because it casts heaps of shadows. Or, barring that, hang a good work/inspection light from the roof, as you want to be able to keep your hands free.
Ventilation is also important as a lot of the best cleaning products – even the ethical ones – are often quite smelly. Even if it doesn’t bother you, remember to consider others in your household – muddy mountain bikers often already have a bad rep in their households and there’s no need to encourage the perception!
*You’ll need somewhere to store hazardous substances (such as kerosene/diesel for cleaning a chain). Most people use a container that they need to dump out. One concept that works well is to use an old freestanding laundry tub that can be used to clean parts in, with a catch bucket collecting the waste to be disposed of appropriately.
**The bike also needs to have some mechanism to hold it upright. Using a bike stand is optimal if you decide to invest. If not, you need to find a way to hang your bike. One option is to strap your unused bike rack to the wall. See more details in set up section.
Step 2 – Stocking Your Workshop
Once you’ve selected your spot, you need to start equipping the area with a number of essential tools and items. Here is a list of what we consider essential:
A good stash of rags – old cotton or flannel clothes are best as they’re not linty anymore.
Bike stand or bike holding mechanism. If you don’t have a bike stand, it helps if you have a wall that you can mount stuff against.
Good floor/ track pump.
Small torch to be used as an inspection light.
Multi tool with all the hex and torx keys your bike needs, plus chain breaker and screwdrivers. (most decent bike specific multi tools will have all these things)
Bike-specific cable cutting pliers.
Side cutting and long nose pliers.
Cassette lock-ring tool.
Mechanic’s pick (a sharpened spoke will work)
Soft-faced hammer or mallet.
Phillips and flat screwdrivers.
Spoke nipple wrenches.
Bike hanging jig: Chains from ceiling/ towbar bike rack mounted to the wall.... there are many make do options.
Great to Have if You Want to Get Really Well Set Up:
Good quality foldaway bike work stand
Solid work bench with engineer’s vice mounted to it.
Good fluorescent tube lighting over work area.
Chain joining link pliers.
Useful Products & Supplies:
General purpose bicycle grease.
Wet and dry chain lubes.
Spare chain joining links.
Residue-free brake cleaner spray.
Blue Loctite thread locker.
Carbon grease if you have carbon bike parts.
Nitrile work gloves.
Bucket and selection of bike specific cleaning brushes.
Step 3 – Setting It Up
It’s worth stressing the importance of having your bike at work height, ideally somewhere steady that doesn’t swing. This can usually be achieved by using a work stand, which is a luxury, or a wall mounted bracket.
To enjoy the optimal bike set up, all your essential pieces of equipment should be within easy reach and have their own place. You should also have a piece of scrap carpet under the bike and where you’re standing – it’s less slippery and absorbs extra mess.
The most frequently used stuff should be in the easiest to reach positions, so you’ll need some sort of work bench top close to the bike to put things on while working. Use old cabinets if possible to keep stuff put away and use as a bench – an old kitchen cabinet with a bench top is optimal for this.
At Dirt Merchants, our toolboxes are stowed under the work bench, but we have all the tools that are used frequently on a shadow-board so you know exactly where they live when not in use.
James’ List of Nice To Haves
Beer fridge stocked with Garage Project beer.
Music to zone into what you’re doing.
Making it work
Not everyone has the same workshop options at home. To get an idea of how customers made the most of their situations, we asked them to tell us about their biggest challenge in setting up a home workshop and how they overcame it.
Will and Nick
“The main thing that we organised that helped greatly was to have a dedicated and secure area for working on the bikes. It sounds so obvious, but even after buying the Park Tools work stand things didn't get better straight away – not until the area was given its very own space in the garage and wasn't allowed to be moved unless it was for something like better light or access for a specific job.
“Having a carpeted floor area underneath the stand is also handy, but does have its pros and cons when it comes to dropping things and grease etc.
“A similar story is true for the wheel truing stand, which admittedly started its life living in a corner of the nice warm living room, as at least wheel building is not a dirty task!
“Obviously the flippant answer to this was that we didn't have enough garage space, so we bulldozed the shit out of our land and made some, but that's probably not so helpful or available to most people!”
“My biggest challenge was space constraints, as I have a very small and oddly shaped space for storage and working in. It’s only a little wider than a set of handlebars (900mm deep by 4 metres long), so there’s:
no space for a vice
no space to work around the bike
no space to hang tools (e.g., on shadow-board)
I overcame this this by doing the following:
Vice: Carved recesses into a wooden board to countersink tools into. This secures the tool in the wood, which can then be clamped onto a larger surface which then emulates a vice.
Work Around Bike: Use a collapsible/portable bike stand. Taking this into the area where I have space (under the carport) allows me to get the bike off the ground to work on.
No space to hang tools: I love toolboxes, and limited space means I need to keep all of my tools neatly organised in toolboxes to use where I have space (under the carport).
If all else fails, being friends with Dirt Merchants doesn’t hurt!
“For me, living in a flat with no garage, the main goal was to set up a dedicated and comfortable spot inside to do basic maintenance.
“I used to service the bikes on my deck outside, but as time spent riding increased, and because I like smooth running bikes, so did the time required for maintenance (x2 as my partner is as hooked as I am, and I've been designated trusted mechanic in the relationship).
“So, after getting fed up with losing bolts and wind-blown bikes, I was offered a bike stand (thanks to my trusty mechanic quoted above) and from there decided to set up the workspace of my dreams – an indoor one!
“Being in a rental flat, with limited space, the main concern was to keep everything neat, so I bought 10mm thick rubber mats to protect the floor, a "floor-to-ceiling" bike stand to keep the bikes handy and safe (they were stored in a box outside before), and a sturdy shelf to keep things tidy (tools and stuff). This has meant (almost) no more lost bolts and pieces.
“Now that the workspace is comfortable and everything is within hand's reach, servicing the bike is much more pleasant and, as a result, I do it more frequently.”
Words & Images: James Duncan & Digby Shaw
Originally printed in Issue 87 of the NZ Mountain Biker